Nefertiti – The Forgotten Queen

2Nefertiti’s place as an icon in popular culture is secure as she has become somewhat of a celebrity. After Cleopatra, she is the second most famous “Queen” of Ancient Egypt in the western imagination. Ironically, there is not much actually known about Nefertiti and she is often referred to as the forgotten queen because she literally vanished from the pages of history. Her story has become more myth than fact. One thing is known for sure – she was amazingly gorgeous and she was one of history’s most powerful queens.

Neferneferuaten Nefertiti lived from 1370 BC to 1330 BC. She was the Great Royal Wife of the Pharaoh Akhenaten. Nefertiti and her husband were known for a religious revolution, in which they worshiped one god only, Aten or the sun disc. With her husband, they reigned at what was arguably the wealthiest period of Ancient Egyptian history. Some scholars believe that Nefertiti ruled briefly after her husband’s death and before the accession of Tutankhaman [King Tut], although this identification is a matter of ongoing debate.

Nefertiti had many titles including Hereditary Princess; Great of Praises; Lady of Grace, Sweet of Love; Lady of The Two Lands; Main King’s Wife, his beloved; Great King’s Wife, his beloved, Lady of all Women; and Mistress of Upper and Lower Egypt.

She was made famous by her bust, now in Berlin’s Neues Museum which is one of the most copied works of ancient Egypt. It was attributed to the sculptor Thutmose, and it was found in his workshop. The bust is notable for exemplifying the understanding Ancient Egyptians had regarding realistic facial proportions.

Egyptological theories thought Nefertiti vanished from the historical record around Year 14 of Akhenaten’s reign, with no word of her thereafter. Explanations included a sudden death, by a plague that was sweeping through the city, or some other natural death. This theory was based on the discovery of several shabti fragments inscribed for Nefertiti located in the Louvre and Brooklyn Museums.

Another theory proclaims she fell into disgrace, was discredited when deliberate erasures of monuments belonging to a queen of Akhenaten were shown to refer to Kiya instead. During Akhenaten’s reign (and perhaps after), Nefertiti enjoyed unprecedented power. By the twelfth year of his reign, there is evidence she may have been elevated to the status of co-regent: equal in status to the pharaoh.

It is possible Nefertiti is the ruler named Neferneferuaten. Some theories believe that Nefertiti was still alive and held influence on the younger royals. If this is the case that influence and presumably Nefertiti’s own life would have ended by year 3 of Tutankhaten’s reign (1331 BC). In that year, Tutankhaten changed his name to Tutankhamun. This is evidence of his return to the official worship of Amun, and abandonment of Amarna to return the capital to Thebes.

This means that Nefertiti was alive in the second to last year of Akhenaten’s reign, and demonstrates that Akhenaten still ruled alone, with his wife by his side. Therefore, the rule of the female Amarna pharaoh known as Neferneferuaten must be placed between the death of Akhenaten and the accession ofTutankhamun. This female pharaoh used the epithet ‘Effective for her husband’ in one of her cartouches, which means she was either Nefertiti or her daughter Meritaten.

There are many theories regarding her death and burial but to date, the mummy of this famous queen, her parents or her children has not been found or formally identified. We must know our history. An that’s my thought provoking perspective…


Coalition Storms Times Square To Protest Cops Killing Blacks, Demand Darren Wilson’s Arrest

Thought Provoking Perspectives:

“We have gathered here, right under the f*cking Jumbotron, right in front of the eyes of the law, and we’re saying, ‘No more police murder, no more treating our children like criminals,’” shouted the group, in call and response with march organizers.

Originally posted on News One:

October 22 Coalition ProtestInvoking the names of Michael Brown, Ramarley Graham, Amadou Diallo, and others who have been killed by law enforcement, a group of protesters defied police orders and marched in to Times Square Wednesday afternoon. The protest, organized by a group known as the October 22nd Coalition, called for an end to police brutality and mass incarceration and the arrest of Ferguson, Mo., police officer Darren Wilson.

RELATED: Report: Forensic Evidence Says Vonderitt Myers Fired at Cop

Previously, the New York Police Department (NYPD) instructed the protesters not to enter Times Square because the area had too much traffic. But as NYPD officers attempted to direct the protesters away from the popular tourist destination, the group, which included hundreds holding signs, waving flags, and blowing whistles, moved forward and settled in front of the NYPD’s Times Square precinct, halting traffic on 43rd St. for around 20…

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Michael Brown Autopsy Shows Ferguson Teen Shot At Close Range In Hand

Thought Provoking Perspectives:

When you reflect, few cops get convicted for shooting or killing people. We saw Rodney King beaten nearly to death on video by a dozen cops. The outcome: media slanting the story to the incident implying it was King [usual story] that attached the cops. The cops [usual story] were afraid for their lives. A few were changed and found not guilty the first trial; at the second trial a couple served some [little] jail time. As you have seen in the past few weeks the media is writing a narrative in the same manner as it was in the King case. History repeats itself. The stage is being set as media like the New York Times telling the cops story with no quotes from anyone; meaning facts, but once written it is presumed as FACT.

Originally posted on News One:

Michael Brown caseMichael Brown, the 19-year-old Ferguson, Missouri teen who was unarmed when Officer Darren Wilson gunned him down on August 9, was shot in the hand at close range, according to the official autopsy preparedby the St. Louis County medical examiner’s officer and obtained by the St. Louis Post-Dispatch.

RELATED:Preliminary Autopsy Shows Michael Brown Was Shot at Least6Times

Brown’s skin was also found on the outside driver’s door of Wilson’s patrol car.

“Someone got an injury that tore off skin and left it on the car,” saidSt. Louis medical examiner, Dr. Michael Graham, who is not part of the official investigation. “That fits with everything else that came out. There’s blood in the car, now skin on the car, that shows something happened right there.”

It has been previously acknowledged that an altercation of some kind occurred near or in Officer Wilson’s vehicle, but the details have always been…

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Black Codes

There is a lot of news recently about Ferguson; I wonder how many of you know that Missouri has a long-long history of racial discrimination dating back to, most famously, the Dread Scott Decision. There is also evidence that Ferguson was a “Sun Down town” once upon a time reflecting the segregation of a time some say has passed. Therefore, it is not much of a stretch for the residue of bigotry, racial intolerance, and the same ilk of the past is a strain that devalues people of African descent. It is a fact that the past is reborn and indeed the present.

There is a legal definition of Black Codes. It is a body of laws, statutes, and rules enacted by southern states immediately after the Civil War to regain control over the freed slaves, to maintain white supremacy, and ensure the continued supply of cheap labor. There have been many ways to suppress people over time; unfortunately, African Americans have endured the brunt of these efforts.

Therefore, I can report that it was and still applies to minorities, usually African Americans, who were most affected by these laws to ensure they would remain a permanent underclass. Whereas, others have moved out of their subservient station – well all but the Native American nations. This ideology began as indentured servants, then slavery, segregation, and now could it be conservatism. In each of these classifications, they called these laws Black Codes, which I suppose makes the immoral sanctions sound kinder.

Black Codes were laws passed designed specifically to take away civil rights and civil liberties of African American on the state and local level. This is the reason Conservatives desire a return to “States Rights” and speak of taking back our country because at the state level they can be unimpeded in turning back the hands of time. Although, most of the discriminatory legislation, in terms of Black Codes, were used more often by Southern states to control the labor, movements and activities of newly freed slaves at the end of the Civil War. But as Malcolm X once said, “Anywhere south of Canada was south” meaning wherever you were in America you were subjected to discrimination in terms of the “separate but equal” laws of the land.

The Black Codes of the 1860’s are not the same as the Jim Crow laws. The Black Codes were a reaction to the abolition of slavery and the South’s defeat in the Civil War. Southern legislatures enacted them during Reconstruction. The Jim Crow era began later, nearer to the end of the 19th century after Reconstruction, with its unwritten laws. Then there were sundown laws, which meant Blacks could not live or be caught in certain towns after dark. In some cases, signs were placed at the town’s borders with statements similar to the one posted in Hawthorne California that read; “Nigger, Don’t Let The Sun Set On YOU In Hawthorne” in the 1930’s. In some cases, exclusions were official town policy, restrictive covenants, or the policy was enforced through intimidation.

After the abolition of slavery by the Thirteenth Amendment of the United States Constitution, which prior to that African Americans were considered 3/5’s human; all former slave states adopted Black Codes. During 1865 every Southern state passed Black Codes that restricted the Freemen, who were emancipated but not yet full citizens. While they pursued re-admission to the Union, the Southern states provided freedmen with limited second-class civil rights and no voting rights. Southern plantation owners feared that they would lose their land. Having convinced themselves that slavery was justified, planters feared African Americans wouldn’t work without coercion. The Black Codes were an attempt to control them and to ensure they did not claim social equality.

The Black Codes outraged public opinion in the North because it seemed the South was creating a form of quasi-slavery to evade the results of the war. After winning large majorities in the 1866 elections, the Republicans put the South under military rule. They held new elections in which the Freedmen could vote. Suffrage was also expanded to poor whites. The new governments repealed all the Black Codes; they were never reenacted – OFFICIALLY. Black Codes were sometimes known as “sunset towns” or “gray towns” that do continue today in the form of million dollar communities – sound familiar.

Today, these are places where minorities are systematically excluded from living in or sometimes even passing through these communities after the sun went down. Sociologists have described this as the nadir of American race relations. Therefore, de facto sundown towns and counties where no black family lives – still exist.

As one historian has noted, “Racial segregation was hardly a new phenomenon because slavery had fixed the status of most blacks, no need was felt for statutory measures segregating the races. These restrictive Black Codes have morphed in one form, or another to achieve its desired effect to maintain a superior status by the powers that be. I am only suggesting that we know and understand history for it will open the mind to what the future may present. Frankly, if you don’t know where you came from you will never get to where you are going. And that’s my thought provoking perspective…

 


Ebola: Why Some Survive & Others Perish

Thought Provoking Perspectives:

Survival depend on how rapidly someone gets care. It also may be affected by factors beyond anyone’s control: McCormick’s research suggests it partly depends on how the immune system reacts early on – whether too many white blood cells die before they can fight the virus. Other research has linked genetic immune factors to increased survival.

Originally posted on News One:

Ebola Survivor

In this photo taken Monday, Aug. 11, 2014, Sulaiman Kemokai a Ebola virus survivor near his house in the Heigbema Village in Kenema situated in the Eastern Province around 300km, (186 miles), from the capital city of Freetown in Kenema, Sierra Leone. In Sierra Leone, Sulaiman Kemokai, 20, was released from an Ebola treatment center on Sunday after spending 25 days in a ward there. He still feels stiffness in his joints but says he is gaining strength each day. (AP Photo/ Michael Duff)

WASHINGTON — People who shared an apartment with the country’s first Ebola patient are emerging from quarantine healthy. And while Thomas Eric Duncan died and two U.S. nurses were infected caring for him, there are successes, too: A nurse infected in Spain has recovered, as have four American aid workers infected in West Africa. Even there, not everyone dies.

So why do some people escape Ebola…

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Do You Know: The King Alfred Plan 

2There are not many people who know about the King Alfred Plan. I first heard about it back in the sixties. It’s officially known as REX-84. I will briefly expound upon it, but I want you to do some research for your empowerment. It was a fictional CIA-led scheme supporting an international effort to eliminate people of African descent. Specifically it defined how to deal with the threat of a black uprising in America by cordoning off black people into concentration camps in the event of a major racial incident.

The plan was drafted, allegedly, in the 50s to round up black people at the start of race riots, segregate them and move them to a concentration camp or a separate location and kill them off, literally. This plan first appeared publicly in John A. Williams’ his 1967 novel, The Man Who Cried I Am, which was a fictionalized account of the life and death of Richard Wright. In the afterword to later editions, Williams compares the King Alfred Plan to intelligence programs devised by J. Edgar Hoover (COINTELPRO) in the 1960s to monitor the movements of black militants.

It also bears similarities to rumors in the early 1950s surrounding the McCarran Act, an anti-Communist law, in which political subversives were to be rounded up and placed in concentrations camps during a national emergency as was done to the Japanese during World War II. When his novel was first published, Williams photocopied portions of the book detailing the King Alfred Plan and left copies in subway car seats around Manhattan.

As a result, word of the King Alfred Plan spread throughout the black community, and the truth of its existence was often assumed to be unchallenged. Performer and musician Gil Scott-Heron created the song “King Alfred Plan,” included on his “LP” in 1972 that takes the Plan at face value.

I did a little digging and found information online that have now been declassified. Of course, there is much more to this plan than is being released to the public. If you think that this kind of thing cannot happen in the United States think again! It has already happened here in America. The only difference NOW is that we will not be so lucky because the problem with our people we have gotten too comfortable and satisfied with our plight. We trust in oppression and hardship rather than the Most High. Are we really surprised?

Let me make it simple martial law, no-knock laws, or the Patriot Act! I am not a conspiracy theorist, but I have read stories that in regions all over the country are preparing a place for you and it’s not that place talked about on Sundays where this place has streets paved with gold. And that’s my thought provoking perspective…

Knowledge is power! Do your own research and learn!


The Problem With Race In America

Originally posted on News One:

Janaye Ingram

According to Merriam-Webster, the first known use of the term “racism” was in 1933, but the practice of racism was well learned by that time. In the United States, slaves were brought to this land by Europeans who thought that the skin color and customs of the African captives made them less than equal to the “civilized” White settlers. That belief system permeated the treatment of Blacks in this country for hundreds of years, and in many ways, has yet to cease. The term is defined by Merriam-Webster as, “a belief that racial differences produce an inherent superiority of a particular race.” There are some, me included, that believe that power is part of the true definition of racism – combining prejudice with the power to act on that prejudice results in racism.

SEE ALSO: Updated: Twitter Reacts To Michael Dunn Life Sentence

Today, there are few things worse in…

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